Reports by theme : APRM
African Union | Anti-corruption | APRM | Broadcast media | Citizenship | Development assistance and governance | Election management | Justice sector | Political participation | Public service delivery
The African Peer Review Mechanism: A compilation of studies of the process in nine African countries
AfriMAP
20 July 2010

This publication is a compilation of reviews of the implementation of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) commissioned by the Africa Governance Monitoring and Advocacy Project (AfriMAP) of the Open Society Foundations network. The reviews identify challenges that all stakeholders involved in reforming the APRM should be aware of and commit to resolving. The countries covered in this compilation are: Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, Nigeria, Rwanda and South Africa. AfriMAP’s aim is to contribute to discussions on the reform and strengthening of the APRM process and to increase knowledge of this ground-breaking African initiative.

Overview of the conclusions from the country studies
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The African Peer Review Mechanism: A compilation of studies of the process in nine African countries
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AfriMAP submission to the Project for Streamlining and Fast Tracking the Implementation of the APRM
AfriMAP
30 April 2010

AfriMAP made this submission to the APRM continental secretariat in response to the April 2010 call for comments on the APRM process. The submission is based on AfriMAP\'s reviews of the APRM process in many of the countries where it has been implemented. It states that AfriMAP believes that the APRM is, despite some challenges and set-backs, the most important effort yet by African leaders to improve governance on the continent and is strongly supportive of the initiative. However, the submission also raises concerns about the difficulties faced by the APRM, especially over the past two years. In particular, AfriMAP is disturbed by the long delays in appointing new members of the panel of eminent persons, and the continued failure to appoint an executive secretary for the APRM secretariat.

AfriMAP submission to the Project for Streamlining and Fast Tracking the Implementation of the APRM
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The African Peer Review Mechanism and the ECA/OECD-DAC Mutual Review of Development Effectiveness in the context of NEPAD
United Nations
28 December 2007

This background paper on the African Peer Review Mechanism and on the OECD-UNECA mutual review of development effectiveness in the context of NEPAD was presented by AfriMAP to the the expert task force of the UN Working Group on the Right to Development.

The African Peer Review Mechanism and the ECA/OECD-DAC Mutual Review of Development Effectiveness in the context of NEPAD
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AfriMAP submission to the APRM Secretariat on its review of procedures
AfriMAP
December 2007

Submission by AfriMAP to the APRM Secretariat and Eminent Persons, with detailed recommendations on the contents of the APRM self-assessment questionnaire, as well as suggestions in relation to the process of implementing the APRM at national level, including access to information, participation, monitoring of the APRM results, and harmonisation with other processes.

AfriMAP submission to the APRM Secretariat on its review of procedures
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The APRM in Algeria: A critical assessment
AfriMAP and OSISA
30 April 2010

Mouloud Boumghar writes that when Algeria announced its intention to implement the APRM, the question raised was not whether the country possessed the financial resources and skills to successfully conduct the exercise; the answer to that question was a resounding ‘yes’. However, though the country has seen progress since the year 2000, the situation in Algeria – which had experienced a decade of violence and destruction, had been living in a state of emergency since the early 1990s, and whose political and economic management was commonly considered untransparent – raised issues. Under the circumstances, it was legitimate to ask whether Algeria could complete a self-assessment with no holds barred, which would require considerable transparency.

The APRM in Algeria: A critical assessment
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Benin and the African Peer Review Mechanism: Consolidating Democratic Achievements
AfriMAP and OSIWA
04 August 2008

In this report, Gilles Badet of the University of Abomey-Calavi in Benin, analyses the strengths and weaknesses of the APRM process as it was conducted in Benin.

Benin and the African Peer Review Mechanism: Consolidating Democratic Achievements
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The APRM Process in Burkina Faso
AfriMAP and OSIWA
28 March 2009

This report, written by Julien Natielsé, a Burkinabé lawyer and political commentator, gives a critical look at the APRM self-evaluation process in Burkina Faso in 2007. He examines the interaction of the APRM with national political events and policies, especially the electoral calendar and the good governance programme put in place by the government. The report concludes that technical weaknesses in the collection of information and the haste with which the process was undertaken give the impression that the APRM self-evaluation was undertaken more with a view to being seen to complete the process rather than to learn lessons to improve governance in the country.

The APRM Process in Burkina Faso
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Ethiopia and the APRM: A Path to Nowhere?
AfriMAP
30 January 2012

Ethiopia joined the APRM in 2003. Its strong and determined engagement with the APRM process, as of 2007, has left little room for doubting its government’s level of commitment in providing resources, political will and backing to the APRM process. However, authors Tigist Fisseha and Medhane Tadesse, whilst acknowledging the government of Ethiopia’s leadership within the APRM at continental level, argue that the mere fact that the APRM process itself, is little known by the Ethiopian citizenry, and that those that are aware of the process, are reluctant to engage with it, points to the total control of the process by executive power. They also argue that the only way the Ethiopia’s APRM process can be meaningful is if its participatory processes are opened to all citizens, especially civil society, who ultimately have a say as how they wish to be governed.

Ethiopia and the APRM: A Path to Nowhere?
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Ghana and the APRM: A Critical Assessment
AfriMAP and OSIWA
21 June 2007

This review of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) self-assessment process in Ghana outlines the strengths and weaknesses of the process. Among the strengths are the independence of the Governing Council and the quality of the institutions that carried out the research for the self assessment report. Among the weaknesses are that there was no real way for those who were consulted for the process to see how their inputs were used in the final submission made by the government to the APRM Panel of Eminent Persons. The report makes recommendations for the monitoring of the APRM programme of action adopted in Ghana, and draws out lessons for other countries.

Ghana was among the first set of countries to sign the Memorandum of Understanding establishing the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), and the first to complete the peer review, when President John Kufuor defended his government’s record before the heads of state of the other participating countries in January 2006.


Ghana and the APRM: A Critical Assessment
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The APRM process in Kenya: A pathway to a new state?
OSIEA/AfriMAP
30 April 2007

This review of the APRM process in Kenya is one of series commissioned by AfriMAP. The report analyses the extent to which the Kenyan process of self-assessment for the APRM respected the criteria of effectiveness and credibility defined by the APRM founding documents, in particular the extent to which it was open, participatory, transparent and accountable.

Based on interviews with many of the participants and his own involvement in the process, the author of the report, Steve Ouma Akoth, reviews the challenges faced by the APRM review. These included weaknesses in the National Governing Council and in civil society engagement, and problems with the conceptual framework of NEPAD and the APRM itself. Though Ouma concludes that the APRM in Kenya was a "state-centric process" he also believes that it has opened up an opportunity for dialogue between civil society and government that should be exploited during the implementation of the programme of action (PoA) formally adopted for Kenya in June 2006 by the APR Forum.

The report is is published jointly by AfriMAP and OSIEA, the Open Society Initiative for East Africa.

The APRM process in Kenya: A pathway to a new state?
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The APRM Process in Mali : A critical evaluation
AfriMAP
12 May 2011

When the APRM process started in Mali in June 2007 the country had established a reputation for vigorous debates on governance, in particular at the National Human Rights Day organized each year. Yet, important issues such as the governance crisis resulting from the conflict in the North were shut out of the self-assessment process. Mali is also known for its vibrant civil society, yet civil society’s poor participation in the APRM is one of the weaknesses of the process. While noting these and other weaknesses, this report also highlights a number of strengths of the APRM in Mali.


The APRM Process in Mali : A critical evaluation
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The African Peer Review Mechanism in Mauritius: Lessons from Phase I
AfriMAP & OSISA
11 August 2007

This report reviews the stalled process for APRM self-assessment in Mauritius, initiated in 2004 but on hold from mid-2005 to June 2007, and urges Mauritius to learn the lessons of its first phase and open up the process to much wider civil society engagement.

The report argues that the NESC, responsible for leading the APRM self-assessment failed to reach out effectively to civil society and relied far too heavily on government information for its first attempt at preparing the self-assessment report. The National Coordinating Structure, the steering committee for the APRM, was also too narrowly constituted, without participation from the full range of Mauritian society.


The African Peer Review Mechanism in Mauritius: Lessons from Phase I
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The APRM Process in Mozambique

07 November 2011

The report tracks Mozambique’s progress since it acceded to the APRM process in March 2003 up to when it was eventually peer reviewed in June 2009. The authors, Marcello Mosse, director of Centre for Public Integrity and Jonas Pohlmann, associate researcher at the institute for Social and Economic studies in Mozambique, argue that whilst the challenges faced by Mozambique is not new to APRM member states, the Country Review Reports and the National Programmes of Action, are comprehensive documents that the government should utilise in its policy making processes. This should include a wide dissemination to stakeholders, so as to enable civil society to monitor implementation of promises made in these documents, which aim to govern the populace well, and empower the citizenry to hold government to account. They urge the government of Mozambique to show political will and act upon the pronouncements made in their National Programme of Action document to ensure that governance is strengthened and democracy is deepened, by addressing corruption, and promoting plural participation in public institutions and processes as well as reducing over dependency on foreign aid.


The APRM Process in Mozambique
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The African Peer Review Process in Nigeria

24 September 2008

This report was written by and represents the views of Prof L Adele Jinadu. He analyses the extent to which the Nigerian process of self-assessment for the APRM respected the criteria of effectiveness and credibility defined by the APRM founding documents, in particular to the extent to which it was open, participatory, transparent and accountable. Based on interviews with many of the participants, the report reviews the strengths and weaknesses of the process. The report attempts an evaluation of Nigeria's APR process, and the extent to which the preparation of Nigeria's self-assessment report really lived up to the requirements of participation and inclusiveness established by the official guidelines for countries submitting to peer review.


The African Peer Review Process in Nigeria
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Critical review of the African Peer Review Mechanism Process in Rwanda
LDGL
January 2007

This report, prepared by the Kigali office of the Ligue des Droits de la Personne dans la Région des Grands Lacs (LDGL) with the support of AfriMAP, analyses the extent to which the APRM process in Rwanda respected the criteria of effectiveness and credibility set out in the founding documents of the APRM -- in particular the extent to which it was open and participatory. The report reviews the challenges faced during the process, including the lack of technical expertise at national level, the weakness of civil society participation, and difficulties of accessing information.

Critical review of the African Peer Review Mechanism Process in Rwanda
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The APRM Process in South Africa
OSISA/AfriMAP
29 April 2010

The aurthor of this report, Nobuntu Mbelle, finds that, though South Africa was anxious to complete the APRM self-assessment on time and did so successfully, its commitment to speed was perhaps at the expense of quality. Although there was an expectation that South Africa would set a high standard for the process, it fell some way short of this ambition. There were some innovative and important steps, including the decentralisation of the process and an effort to collect information from a very wide range of respondents. But lack of planning and over-hasty implementation meant that the APRM process was nothing like as thorough as it could have been; more worryingly, the hand of government was far too strong in the preparation of the final self-assessment report.

The APRM Process in South Africa
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THE APRM PROCESS IN TANZANIA SETTING THE GOVERNANCE AGENDA
AfriMAP/OSIEA
04 December 2013

This report critically assesses implementation of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) process in Tanzania in order to establish the extent to which it complied with principles and criteria contained in the APRM founding documents. In particular the assessment examines the extent to which the process was open, participatory, transparent and independent. Tanzania acceded to the APRM in 2004
becoming the fourteenth country to do so.

THE APRM PROCESS IN TANZANIA SETTING THE GOVERNANCE AGENDA
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The APRM Process in Uganda: A critical evaluation

30 July 2011

This report, written by co-authors, Samuel Bamulanzeki Tindifa, a senior lecturer at Makerere University and Babuuzibwa Mukasa Luutu acting vice chancellor at the Marcus Garvey Pan African University tracks Uganda's progress since it acceded to the APRM process in March 2003, its implementation process which commenced in 2005 and the 2008 self assessment report. It interrogates the institutional arrangement governing the APRM process in Uganda, analyses strengthens and weaknesses of the in-country process, and contents of the report, plan of action and follow-up. It also analyses the impact of the process on the promotion of national dialogue on issues indentified in the report and makes recommendations for the country and other countries undertaking the process.

The APRM Process in Uganda: A critical evaluation
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Activities
APRM Tanzania Validation Meeting:
28 November 2012

 A validation workshop to discuss a draft review report of the APRM process in Tanzania was held on 19th November 2012, in Dar es Salaam.  Convened by OSIEA and AfriMAP, the meeting was attended by about 50 people representing the legislature, APRM national secretariat, media, and civil society organizations.  Dr. Kojo Busia, a member of the AfriMAP Advisory committee and also a member of the APRM Country Review Mission for Tanzania participated in the workshop.  Prof. Athumani more...

Presentation to the South African Parliament on the African Peer Review Mechanism Presentation to the South African Parliament on the African Peer Review Mechanism
22 February 2012
AfriMAP and the South African Institute for International Affairs (SAIIA) made a joint presentation to the South African Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Public Administration on 22nd February.  The presentation focused on the implementation of the APRM in South Africa and highlighted the need for systematic monitoring of the implementation of the APRM to address the perception that the mechanism was executive driven with minimal citizen participation.  While members of parliament who more...
Implementing the APRM in Lesotho: views from civil society
13 September 2011

Implementing the APRM in Lesotho: views from civil society was launched on 13 September 2011, at the Lesotho Sun hotel. The report is part of AfriMAP's ongoing partnership, the African more...

Uganda APRM launching Uganda APRM launching
29 August 2011
A study entitled: The implementation of the APRM in Uganda: a critical evaluation was launched on 24 August, 2011 at the Serena Hotel.  The report was written by Samuel Bamulanzeki Tindifa, senior lecturer at the Makere University and Babuuzibwa Mukasa Luutu acting vice chancellor at the Marcus Garvey Pan African University.  Both researchers gave a presentation of the findings.  Rev. Zac Niringiye of the APRM Governing Council was the respondent.  He spoke at length and more...
Launch of report on progress in implementing the APRM in South Africa
28 June 2011

The Pan African Parliament in Midrand, South Africa, hosted the launch of the report Progress in Implementing the APRM in South Africa: Views from civil society on 28 June 2011. The report is one of a series published by the African more...

The APRM Process in Mali: a critical evaluation The APRM Process in Mali: a critical evaluation
12 May 2011

The launch of the Mali APRM assessment was attended by 106 participants, including the minister of African Integration and national focal point, the chair and members of the NGC, the president of the chamber of commerce, a woman M ember of the Parliament, and representatives of CSOs. The report was launched on May 12, 2011 from 9:30 to 11:45 and was covered by ORTM (the national broadcaster) with a segment in the evening news.
Three speeches, by Sekou Traore, ASSAFE's president, by the more...

Letter to Professor Mohammed Séghir Babès Chairperson of the Eminent Persons African Peer Review Mechanism Letter to Professor Mohammed Séghir Babès Chairperson of the Eminent Persons African Peer Review Mechanism
25 August 2010

Professor Mohammed Séghir Babès
Chairperson of the Eminent Persons
African Peer Review Mechanism
Johannesburg, South Africa

25 August 2010

Your Excellency,

I would like to take this opportunity to first and foremost congratulate you on your recent appointment as chairperson of the APRM panel of eminent persons.  We wish you the very best as you undertake this important role and with it the responsibility of reinvigorating more...
APRM: Taking Peer Learning to the Next Level
21 July 2010
AfriMAP, in partnership with SAIIA, the Electoral Institute for the Sustainability of Democracy in Africa (EISA), the African Governance Institute (IAG-AGI) and Kituo Cha Katiba, co-hosted a workshop exploring civil society engagement with the process entitled "APRM: Taking Peer Learning to the Next Level" from 20-21 July 2010 in Kampala, in the margins of the AU summit.  More than 100 participants from civil society, national governing councils, the APRM technical partner institutions more...
Submission to the "Project for Streamlining and Fast Tracking the Implementation of the African Peer Review Mechanism"
29 April 2010
AfriMAP made a submission in response to the call by the APRM Secretariat in April 2010 for comments on seven inter-related components of the APRM process:
a) Revision of the APRM Methodology and Processes (Assignment A)
b) Revision of the APRM Assessment Questionnaire (Democracy and Political Governance) (Assignment B1)
c) Revision of the APRM Assessment Questionnaire (Economic Governance and Management) (Assignment B2)
d) Revision more...
Togo: Gearing-up for first APRM
19 May 2009
On 19 May, Togolese civil society met to gear itself for its Africa Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) exercise, with the help of AfriMAP, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and Canadian Partnership Africa Canada (PAC).  The meetings focused on the introduction of the APRM processes, concepts and mechanisms in measuring governance.  Structural arrangements for greater CSO participation in the process were highlighted, especially in the area of funding and leadership roles, and more...
Launch of AfriMAP report on APRM in Burkina Faso
28 March 2009
On 28 March 2009, AfriMAP and OSIWA (the Open Society Initiative for West Africa) launched a report on the APRM process in Burkina Faso authored by Julien Natielsé, a Burkinabé lawyer and political commentator.  Around 35 people attended the launch event, in Ouagadougou, including representatives of the national APRM secretariat in Burkina Faso, political parties, civil society, academia and the media.  The launch ceremony was chaired by Halidou Ouedraogo, national human rights more...
AfriMAP interactions with Mozambique APRM country review mission
March 2009
From 7 February to 3 March 2009, the APRM Country Review Mission to Mozambique travelled the country in order to discuss the process and prepare its independent evaluation of governance in the country. The mission was led by Ambassador Bethuel Kiplagat, a member of the APR Panel of Eminent persons, who was accompanied by ten thematic experts and representative partners from the African Development Bank, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), and the APRM Secretariat.

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Workshop on Parliamentarians and the APRM process
14 November 2008
Ozias Tungwarara, director of AfriMAP, participated in a training workshop on ‘Enhancing the Role and Effectiveness of Parliamentarians in the APRM Process’, from 12 – 14 November 2008 in Bagamoyo, Tanzania.  The workshop was organized by the United Nations Economic Commission more...
Maputo Conference on the APRM
22 October 2008
AfriMAP was cosponsor of a conference on the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) held in Maputo, Mozambique, 21-22 October 2008. The meeting was organised by EISA, the Electoral Institute of Southern Africa, as the third symposium in its annual series. The aim of the symposium was to debate the successes and shortcomings of the APRM process so far, draw lessons for future participants in the APRM from early country experiences, and provide more...
Launch of report on Nigeria APRM process
23 September 2008
AfriMAP and OSIWA held a launch event in Abuja for a report on the African Peer Review process in Nigeria on 23 September. The author of the report, Professor Adele Jinadu, presented its findings to an audience of government officials, academia, civil society, media and representatives of Nigeria's development partners. He noted the setbacks that had affected the implementation of the peer review process in Nigeria, more...
Launch of report on Benin APRM process Launch of report on Benin APRM process
04 August 2008
AfriMAP and the Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA) launched a report on the APRM process in Benin on 4 August 2008. Author Gilles Badet, a Beninois jurist, presented the report to an audience of around 50 participants, including the vice-president of the Commission nationale indépendante de mise en oeuvre du MAEP (CNIM-MAEP), the national governing council for the APRM in Benin. more...
AfriMAP presents assessment of APRM to the UN
January 2008
In January 2008, Bronwen Manby, AfriMAP senior programme adviser, presented a background paper on the African Peer Review Mechanism and on the OECD-UNECA mutual review of development effectiveness in the context of NEPAD to the expert task force of the UN Working Group on the Right to Development. The Fourth session of the High-Level Task Force on the Implementation of the Right to Development was held more...
AfriMAP submission to the APRM Secretariat on its review of procedures
December 2007
AfriMAP has sent a submission to the APRM Secretariat and Eminent Persons, with detailed recommendations on the contents of the APRM self-assessment questionnaire, as well as suggestions in relation to the process of implementing the APRM at national level, including access to information, participation, monitoring of the APRM results, and harmonisation with other processes. The submission -- which can be downloaded below -- is based on AfriMAP's engagement with and observation of the APRM in the more...
The APRM and AfriMAP partner activities in Mauritius
December 2007
On 4 December 2007 the National Economic and Social Council (NESC), the APRM focal point in Mauritius, organised a one day consultation with high-level government officials concerning the APRM. Following the meeting, the director of the Civil Service Affairs made a statement to the media recognising that the APRM process had suffered substantial delays and requesting all parties to help ensure that the country self-assessment report could be submitted to the APRM Secretariat as early as possible. more...
Launch of AfriMAP report on the APRM in Mauritius Launch of AfriMAP report on the APRM in Mauritius
11 August 2007
On 8 and 11 August, a report on the first phase of the APRM process in Mauritius, prepared by Sheila Bunwaree of the University of Mauritius, was launched in Port Louis in partnership with the Youth Network of Mauritius. On 8 August, a press conference was held for national media and the AfriMAP report was handed out; and on 11 August a workshop for around 30 civil society representatives debated the role of the APRM in Mauritius and the means to ensure that the process is successful. The AfriMAP more...
UNECA workshop on the APRM
28 June 2007
Pascal Kambale, AfriMAP deputy director, participated in a workshop held in Douala, Cameroon, 25-28 June 2007, on the role of CSO organizations in the APRM process. The workshop was organized by the APRM Support Unit and the newly created Civil Society Unit of the Governance and Public Administration Division of the UN Economic Commission on Africa, and targeted civil society in French speaking countries. AfriMAP's reports on the APRM process in those countries (available more...
Launch of AfriMAP assessment of Ghana APRM process Launch of AfriMAP assessment of Ghana APRM process
21 June 2007
Also in advance of the AU summit, AfriMAP launched a report (available here) on the conduct of the African Peer Review Mechanism process in Ghana, and in particular the extent to which the process involved the real participation of civil society and the wider society. The launch was organised in collaboration with Abantu for Development and was chaired by legendary Ghanaian author and playwright Ama more...
AfriMAP launches report on the APRM in Kenya
30 April 2007
On 30 April 2007, AfriMAP launched a report it commissioned jointly with OSIEA to review civil society participation in the Africa Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) Process in Kenya. This launch was attended by Kenya’s former Minister for Economic Planning (who presided over the APRM process), members of government, non-governmental organizations, community-based organizations, faith-based organizations and the more...
AfriMAP advocacy with the G8 and European Commission
April 2007
AfriMAP has entered into the debates around the development assistance strategies of the G8 and the European Union in relation to their engagement with the African Peer Review Mechanism and their efforts to support and promote good governance in African countries. A letter to the German G8 'sherpa', on Germany's presidency of the G8 in 2007, and a submission to the European Commission responding to the Commission's Communication on Governance in the European Consensus more...
Monitoring African Governance Standards: Civil Society Event at the African Union Summit 
Monitoring African Governance Standards: Civil Society Event at the African Union Summit
June 2006
On 26-28 June 2006 the Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa (IHRDA), The Open Society Justice Initiative, Afrimap, and Partnership Africa Canada held a civil society workshop in Banjul, the Gambia, in advance of the AU Assembly of Heads of State and Government. The workshop was convened to discuss ways of improving government compliance, and the capacity of civil society to ensure this compliance, with commitments made under African Union and international treaties.

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